Thursday, January 26, 2012

CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT


DEFINITION OF IMPLANT

Implant is something that we scrap inside our body. Especially an operation into breast we called is little strips of plastics, which contain a hormone that prevents you from ovulating.

According to Wikipedia, January 25th 2012 Implant is a single-rod long acting reversible hormonal contraceptive sub dermal implant that is inserted just under the skin of a woman's upper arm. The 4 cm by 2 mm Implanon rod contains 68 milligrams of etonogestrel (a progestin) which is released over a three year period. Not only that, the period of time implant is 3 years only. Implant may be removed at anytime after 3 years. If not it will give side effect to body.

Again according to Wikipedia, let see the duration 3 years what actually happened: Peak serum etonogestrel concentrations have been found to reach 781–894 pg/mL in the first few weeks, gradually decreasing to 192–261 pg/mL after 1 year, 154–194 pg/mL after 2 years, and 156–177 pg/mL after 3 years, maintaining ovulation suppression and contraceptive efficacy.


HISTORY OF IMPLANT

This is only part a part of the history. Some cases I didn’t found so what I got here is the information that not complete at all. If you have an info please do not hesitate to share here. Contraceptive implants were first used on a wide scale back in the 1990s. They received rather a bad press, partly because they so often caused menstrual problems, and partly because some of them were put in by doctors who had no real idea what they were doing. As a result, some women developed pain or infection at the insertion site.

Implanon was first approved for use in Indonesia in 1998, was subsequently approved for use in over 30 other countries, and has been used by over 2.5 million women worldwide. Implanon was approved for use in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on July 17, 2006.

In the early 2000s, there were stories that implants could ‘move around’ inside your body. These put some women off. We deal with this concern below. The implant which was used in Britain throughout the early years of this century was called Implanon (etonogestrel). It consists of a single rod, which was inserted under the skin, a few inches above the elbow. The rod contains the hormone etonorgestrel.

In December 2010, Implanon was withdrawn in Britain by the manufacturers, who replaced it with a new brand called Nexplanon (etonogestrel). This is very similar, but it contains an ingredient which makes it visible on an X-ray.

Nowadays implant not only used for medicine but in also useable for beautician. The surface of implants that contact the body might be made of a biomedical material such as titanium, silicone or apatite depending on what is the most functional.  In some cases implants contain electronics e.g. artificial pacemaker and cochlear implants. Some implants are bioactive, such as subcutaneous drug delivery devices in the form of implantable pills or drug-eluting stents.


HOW IS THE IMPLANT PUT IN?

How the implant put in is is by trained doctor and trained nurse. Because it is involved an injection inside the body. Basically doctor will injects a little local anaesthetic into your skin, and then pushes the tiny rod in, using a special needle. Believe or not, the injection of the needle should be very little pain. Generally, the procedure takes no more than five minutes. If you feel OK, then you can go home immediately afterwards.

In other cases, implants on women’s womb also occurred. In women’s womb, it also thickens the mucus in your cervix, making it difficult for sperms to get through. So women are with implant in their womb hard to experience a pregnancy world and get baby. Because implant makes the womb lining thinner, so that pregnancy is most unlikely. It is very easy to put in, so you should be more careful after 3 years. 

Again, the etonogestrel implant must be removed by the end of the third year after it was inserted and may be replaced at that time with a new implant. If you choose not to replace the implant, your ability to get pregnant will return quickly. Start using another form of birth control right away if you wish to avoid an unintended pregnancy.


THE SIDE EFFECT OF IMPLANT

Below are little signs of allergic reaction other than hives, difficulty breathing, and swelling of your face, lips, throat or tongue.  So it is better calling your doctor for better treatment as soon as possible. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
  • ·         warmth, redness, swelling, or oozing where the implant was inserted;
  • ·         sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body;
  • ·         severe pain or cramping in your pelvic area (may be only on one side);
  • ·         sudden headache, confusion, pain behind the eyes, problems with vision, speech, or balance;
  • ·         chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling;
  • ·         swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet;
  • ·         jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
  • ·         symptoms of depression (sleep problems, weakness, mood changes). 



 Less serious side effects may include:
  • ·         pain, numbness, or tingling where the implant was inserted;
  • ·         minor bleeding or scarring where the implant was inserted;
  • ·         breast pain;
  • ·         acne, freckles or darkening of facial skin;
  • ·         menstrual cramps, changes in menstrual bleeding pattern;
  • ·         increased hair growth, loss of scalp hair;
  • ·         weight gain;
  • ·         nausea, mild stomach pain;
  • ·         vaginal itching or discharge;
  • ·         headache, back pain, nervousness, dizziness;
  • ·         runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough; or
  • ·         problems with contact lenses. 

Do not use this medication if you have any of the following conditions: a history of stroke or blood clot, a history of breast cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver disease, or liver cancer. Using hormones can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack, especially if you smoke and are older than 35.


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